History of Iraq 9 – Gulf War (1991)
In 1990, Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait to use its resources and money to rebuild Iraq’s economy. The Iraqi government claimed that Kuwait was illegally slant drilling its oil wells into Iraqi territory. Hussein declared after the occupation that Kuwait was to be part of Iraq.
Iraq refused a withdrawal and the UN Security Council voted for military action against Iraq in 1991. The United States, which had enormous vested interests in the oil supplies of the Persian Gulf region, led an international coalition into Kuwait and Iraq.
Despite being a large military force, the Iraqi army was no match for the advanced weaponry of the coalition forces. Hussein eventually accepted the inevitable and ordered a withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Before the forces were withdrawn, however, Hussein ordered them to sabotage Kuwait’s oil wells, which resulted in hundreds of wells being set ablaze.
The aftermath of the war saw the Iraqi military destroyed. In return for peace, Iraq was forced to dismantle all chemical and biological weapons it possessed, and end any attempt to create or purchase nuclear weapons, to be assured by the allowing UN weapons inspectors to evaluate the dismantlement of such weapons.