History of Iraq 7 – 20th century revolutions
The July Revolution (1958)
At dawn on July 14th, 1958 the monarchy was overthrown, the corrupt feudal system destroyed, and the Republic of Iraq proclaimed.
This marked a turning point in the country’s history, in the break with dependance on the imperialists and the abrogation of its military alliances. Unfortunately, it did not take long before things went awry and a dictatorship was set up by Abdelkarim Kassem. The people, who had already acquired a taste for freedom, were not prepared to accept this and continued to strive towards their democratic objectives.
The February Revolution (1963)
On February 8th 1963, the armed militia of the Arab Ba’th Socialist Party, with the loyal support of the people, overthrew the Kassim government and put an end to a period which had been filled with tribulation for Iraq.
Great efforts were made to bring about the objectives of the revolution, in particular the formation of a progressive and socialist national government capable of sustaining the fight for Arab unity.
But the allied forces of imperialism reacted quickly against the young revolution and forced it to succumb, without however, preventing the movement from continuing to grow amongst the people.
The July 17th Revolution (1968)
The reactionaries were overthrown by the glorious Revolution of July 17th., under the leadership of the Ba’th Party. Iraq was now back on her path towards progress and able to take her proper place as a leader of the liberation movements in Arab and other countries.
Thanks to the Revolution, a new and flourishing era began, characterised by stability, prosperity and enlightenment.