Basra has an estimated population of 3,8 million. Basra is Iraq’s main port and, after Baghdad and Mosul, third largest city in Iraq. The city is located at the Shatt al-Arab waterway which leads to the Persian Gulf.
Basra’s surrounding area has large petroleum resources and is covered with many oil wells. Inside the city, there is an international airport, which connects Basra with Baghdad via Iraqi Airways. Basra is in an agricultural region. Its major products are wheat and rice. Much of the oil ressources in Basra are unexplored, but they are estimated to be worlds largest.